What is the treatment for hydrocephalus in the child?

How long does a child with hydrocephalus live?

What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.

Can hydrocephalus be treated without surgery?

There is currently no definitive cure. Most patients are managed by shunting using a silicone tube and valve system, where CSF is diverted from the cerebral ventricles to another body site [3].

How common is pediatric hydrocephalus?

Causes and Types of Pediatric Hydrocephalus

Hydrocephalus is one of the most common pediatric neurological problems and occurs in about 1 in 1,000 children.

Is hydrocephalus a birth defect?

Hydrocephalus is one of the most common “birth defects” affecting more than 10,000 babies each year. One out of every 500 newborns has hydrocephalus.

What causes babies to be born with hydrocephalus?

In some babies the condition is genetic, such as in babies with congenital aqueductal stenosis. Other conditions, such as neural tube defects (like spina bifida), are also associated with hydrocephalus. Other causes include premature birth, infections, tumors, or bleeding inside the brain.

What is the life expectancy of a person with hydrocephalus?

Survival in untreated hydrocephalus is poor. Approximately, 50% of the affected patients die before three years of age and approximately 80% die before reaching adulthood. Treatment markedly improves the outcome for hydrocephalus not associated with tumors, with 89% and 95% survival in two case studies.

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Is hydrocephalus a lifelong condition?

They too can change the way a person thinks and acts (behaves) even when hydrocephalus does not occur. Hydrocephalus is however an ongoing, lifelong condition. It can continue to make it difficult for the brain to work properly which is why this site has focused on hydrocephalus in particular.

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