Why is newborn assessment important?

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Why is it important to examine a newborn?

A complete physical exam is an important part of newborn care. The healthcare provider carefully checks each body system for health and normal function. The provider also looks for any signs of illness or birth defects.

What is newborn screening and why is it important?

WHY IS NEWBORN SCREENING IMPORTANT? Newborn screening helps us find babies who have certain serious medical conditions so that they can begin treatment right away. In most cases, these babies look normal and healthy at birth. They usually do not begin showing symptoms until a few weeks or months later.

What are the common problems among newborns?

Common health issues of newborn babies

  • Crying. Crying is the baby’s natural way of demanding a nappy change, cuddling, or a feed. …
  • Jaundice. One of the most common problems among newborns is jaundice. …
  • Bloated belly. …
  • Coughing. …
  • Noisy Breathing. …
  • Skin related issues. …
  • Nappy rash. …
  • Colic.

What are the disadvantages of newborn screening?

If newborns are not screened early on, they may suffer tragic consequences, including brain damage, developmental and physiological delays, breathing problems, and even death.

What are the diseases detected in newborn screening?

The most common newborn screening tests in the US include those for hypothyrodism (underactivity of the thyroid gland), PKU (phenylketonuria), galactosemia, and sickle cell disease. Testing for hypothyroidism and PKU is required in virtually all States.

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Can parents refuse newborn screening?

All states require screening to be performed on newborns, but most will allow parents to refuse for religious purposes. Any decision to decline or refuse testing should first be discussed with a health professional, since newborn screening is designed to protect the health of the baby.

What is the normal abdominal circumference of a newborn?

Table 1

Characteristic Boys Total
Mean Mean
Gestational age (weeks) 31.1 30.6
Birth weight (g) 1766.5 1678.9
Abdominal circumference (cm) 24.1 23.8
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