What causes a baby to be born with hydrocephalus?
When hydrocephalus is congenital, it may be the result of a condition like spina bifida, where the baby’s spine does not form normally, or aqueductal stenosis, a narrowing of the passage between the third and fourth ventricles in the brain. Hydrocephalus may also be caused by a genetic disorder.
Can babies with hydrocephalus lead normal lives?
Most of the newborns born with hydrocephalus will have a normal lifespan, and approximately 40 to 50 percent will have normal intelligence. Seizure disorders have been diagnosed in about 10 percent of children with hydrocephalus. The mortality rate for infants is approximately 5 percent.
What is the most common cause of congenital hydrocephalus?
The most common cause of congenital hydrocephalus is obstruction of the cerebral aqueduct — the long, narrow passageway between the third and fourth ventricle or cavity of the brain. This condition may result from a blockage, infection, hemorrhage, tumor or arachnoid cyst.
How long do babies born with hydrocephalus live?
What is the life expectancy of a child who has hydrocephalus? Children often have a full life span if hydrocephalus is caught early and treated. Infants who undergo surgical treatment to reduce the excess fluid in the brain and survive to age 1 will not have a shortened life expectancy due to hydrocephalus.
Can a baby with hydrocephalus walk?
Many children with pediatric hydrocephalus have normal intelligence and physical development, but some may be slower to develop skills such as hand-eye coordination or learning to walk. Some may experience learning problems as they progress in school.
How do you treat a baby with hydrocephalus?
7 Tips for Caring for a Child with Hydrocephalus
- Build a Support Network. …
- Learn How to Monitor a Shunt. …
- Do Not Let Them Play with Magnets. …
- Pay Close Attention to Their Development. …
- Be Aware That They May Need Special Education. …
- Recognize Emergencies. …
- Teach Your Child About Hydrocephalus.
Can a child outgrow hydrocephalus?
Hydrocephalus is a lifelong condition. However, with proper treatment and maintenance, children with hydrocephalus can lead normal lives with few limitations.
Can hydrocephalus be treated without surgery?
There is currently no definitive cure. Most patients are managed by shunting using a silicone tube and valve system, where CSF is diverted from the cerebral ventricles to another body site .
Is hydrocephalus a birth defect?
Hydrocephalus is one of the most common “birth defects” affecting more than 10,000 babies each year. One out of every 500 newborns has hydrocephalus.
How do I know if my baby has hydrocephalus?
Early signs of hydrocephalus in infants include:
- bulging fontanel, which is the soft spot on the surface of the skull.
- a rapid increase in head circumference.
- eyes that are fixed downward.
- extreme fussiness.
- excessive sleepiness.
- poor feeding.